Can Piles Cause Iron Deficiency Anemia?

Iron is an important mineral to every cell of the body, especially to the red blood cells. These cells are responsible for supplying oxygen to organs and tissues. Iron deficiency anaemia occurs when there’s an insufficient amount of iron in the body. This condition may result in multiple health problems such as fatigue, weakness, headaches, dizziness, irritability, pale skin, and cold extremities.

When left untreated, iron deficiency anaemia can lead to more serious complications such as organ failure. In some cases, haemorrhoids or piles can play a role in this condition.

Causes of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Many things can cause iron deficiency anaemia. Bleeding or blood loss usually from the gastrointestinal tract is the most common cause of this condition. Other reasons include not getting enough iron in food, the body’s inability to absorb iron, and certain health conditions such as ulcers, piles, and polyps.

While haemorrhoids rarely cause iron deficiency anaemia, it happens when large amounts of blood are lost in the body due to rectal bleeding. If you suspect that your haemorrhoid may have resulted in an iron deficiency anaemia consult your piles surgeon for an accurate diagnosis.

What are Haemorrhoids or Piles?

Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins around the anus or in the lower rectum. When under pressure, the blood vessels around the anus and in the rectum tend to stretch, forming piles.

Types of Piles

The size of piles varies and they can form inside or outside the anus. Its two types include:

  • Internal haemorrhoids – These are piles located within the anus or rectum, and they are the more common type.
  • External haemorrhoids – These are piles that develop under the skin on the outside of the anus.

Whether they are internal or external piles, they can cause discomforts such as pain, itching, and bleeding.

Risk Factors of Piles?

Piles have several risk factors ranging from genetics to lifestyle until medical conditions and even pregnancy.

Piles can be passed on genetically from parent to child. Poor hydration, a low-fibre diet, and a lack of regular physical activity can increase the risk of developing piles. Certain health conditions such as anal injury, ascites, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), obesity, and rectal prolapse can play a role in having piles. Having piles are common among pregnant women as well.  

Treatments for Haemorrhoids and Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Whether it’s associated with haemorrhoids or not, having immediate treatment for iron deficiency anaemia is crucial before it leads to serious complications. Increasing iron in your body through iron-rich foods is one of the key treatments. Your doctor may also prescribe iron supplements.

 Food rich in iron include:

  • eggs
  • nuts and seeds
  • beans
  • liver
  •  red meats
  • fish and tofu
  • brown rice
  • raisins, prunes, and apricots

 If your iron deficiency anaemia is associated with haemorrhoids, it is equally essential to treat it. Piles can be treated with home remedies, lifestyle changes, medications, or piles surgery, in severe cases.

Key takeaway

Although it’s uncommon, haemorrhoids can lead to iron deficiency anaemia due to blood loss. When suffering from these conditions it’s best to seek medical attention. Make sure to look for a skilled, certified physician or piles surgeon in Singapore for proper treatment plans and better outcomes.

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